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Appendix

Appendix

Appendix CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 Polyethylene CH2 CH CH2 CH CH3 CH2 CH CH3 CH2 CH3 CH CH3 Polypropylene CH2 CH CH2 CH ...

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Appendix
This chapter introduces filter and ultrafilters with some basic lemmas. It deals with the filter D (α) (generated by the

Appendix

CH2

CH2

CH2

CH2

CH2

CH2

CH2

CH2

Polyethylene CH2

CH

CH2

CH

CH3

CH2

CH

CH3

CH2

CH3

CH CH3

Polypropylene CH2

CH

CH2

CH

CH2

CH

CH2

CH

Polystyrene CH3

CH3 CH2

CH2

C

C

COOCH3

CH3 CH2

COOCH3

C

CH3 CH2

C

COOCH3

COOCH

Polymetyl methacrylate CH2

CH

CH2

N

CH

CH2

N

CH2

C

CH2

CH2

O

CH

CH2

N

CH2

C

CH2

CH2

O

CH N

CH2

C

CH2

CH2

O

CH2

C

CH2

CH2

O

Polyvinyl pyrrolidone

457

458

Appendix

NH (CH2)5 C NH (CH2)5 C NH (CH2)5 C NH (CH2)5 C NH O

O

O

O

Polycaprolactam (nylon 6) NH (CH2)6 NH C (CH2)4 C NH (CH2)6 NH C (CH2)4 C NH (CH2)6 NH O

O

O

O

Nylon 6,6 O (CH2)4 O C NH (CH2)6 NH C O (CH2)4 O C NH(CH2)6 NH C O

O

O

O

Polyurethane CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

O Si O Si O Si O Si O Si O Si O Si O Si O Si CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

Polydimethyl siloxane

H

H

H

H

H

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

H

N

H

N

H

N

H

N

H

N

Polyacrylonitrile

H H

C

C H

H

H

H

H

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

C

C

C O

C

C O

C

C

C

C O

N

H

OH

H

O(–)Na+H

N

H

O(–)Na+

Hydrolysed polyacrylonitrile (HPAN)

H

H

H

H

H

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

C

O

C

C O C

O

C

C O

H

C O C O OH CH3

(–)

O Na+

H

C O C O CH3

H

(–)

O

C

C

O

H

C O

(–)

O Ca2+

Vinylacetate—maleic acid copolymer (VAMA)

CH3

459

Appendix

H

H

H

H

H

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

O

C

O

C

O

C

O

C

H

C O H

C O H

C O H

C O H

C O

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

C O

Polyvinyl acetate

H

H

+ OH(–)

H

H

H

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

H

C

C

OH

C

OH

C

OH

C

OH

C

OH

H

H

H

H

H

Polyvinyl alcohol

HO

H

H

H

C

C

C

C

H

H

H

H

H

H

C

C

H

C

H

H

O

H

O

H

O

OH

Polyethylene oxide or polyethylene glycol

H

H

H

H

C

H

H

C

C O

C

C O

C

C

C O C

H

NH2

H

NH2

H

H

OH

C

Polyacrylamide

3

OH H

4

H

H

H 1

CH2OH

H

5

H 4

H OH 3

5 6

H

C O C

H

H

OH

O C CH3 6

NH 2

C

H

Polyacrylic acid

O C CH3 H O

H

C

H

H

CH2OH

H 2

1

H

NH

H

OH H

CH2OH

NH H

H

H

H

NH

H CH2OH

H3C C O

Chitin (b– (1

O

H OH

4)-linked N-acetyl-glucoseamine units)

H3C C O

460

Appendix

H

2

3

OH H

4

O

6

OH

H

H

6

4

H

H OH

H

H

OH

OH H

H

COOH

O

H

H

OH

H

O

2

3

COOH

1

H H

H

5

O 1

5

COOH

H OH

H

H

OH

O

H

COOH

Pectinic or polygalacturonic acid (a-(1 4)-linked galacturonic acid units) Pectin is the fully or partially methylated derivative

H

4

OH H

H

5

O

H

H

OH

OH H

H

CH2OH H

H

2

3

O

6

OH

O

H

3

6

1

2

H

CH2OH

H

O

H OH

4

1

CH2OH

O

5

H

H

O

O

OH

O

H

CH2OH

OH

H

H

OH

O

Cellulose (b-(1 4)-linked glucose units) In amylose, the linkage is a-(1 4)

OH

H HO

6

O

5

H 4

HO

CH2 H OH 3

4

O H

H O

H

O 1

H

5 6

1

2

2

3

OH H

4

CH2

HO

CH2 H

OH HOJCH2

O H OH

H

H

OH

H

O

OH

OH H

H

HO

6

CH2 5

O

H

H 3

H

O H 2

H H

O

1

O

OH

1

Dextran (a-(1 6)-and a-(1 3)-linked glucose units)

CH2

O

461

Appendix

6

O

O CH2 5

H

H

6

HO 3

4

OH

2

5

1 CH

O

CH2

O 2OH

H

H 4

OH

H

H O

H

HO

H

OH

OH

CH2

CH2

H

H OH

H H

OH

O

H

H OH O

OH

O

CH2OH

H

CH2 O O

OH

H OH

OH H

H

O

H

H H

CH2

O O

H OH

OH

H

H

OH

Xanthan

HO

OH

H H

H

O

6)-linked fructose units)

C O H OH

CH2OH H

H

O(–)K+ O

O

CH2

O

OH

H

Levan (b-(2

O

CH2

O HO 2 1CH OH 3 2

H

H

OH